Abbey Road Studios, 3 Abbey Road, St. John's Wood, London NW8. The building was first errected as a detached residence in 1830. It was purchased by the Gramophone Company Limited in December 1929 and converted into a recording studio. By the time it officially opened on 12 November 1931, the Gramophone Company had merged with Columbia Records to become EMI. The Beatles first entered Abbey Road Studios for their recording audition on Wednesday, 6 June 1962 and became regular users over a period of seven years. The first Beatles song, "Love Me Do", was recorded at EMI's Abbey Road Studio 2 on 11 September 1962. The last time that all four Beatles gathered together in the studio was on 20 August 1969, to supervise the Abbey Road mix and running order. The last Beatles recording session, with John absent, was on 3 January 1970, to record "I Me Mine."